Nobody should have to live with the fear and anxiety that hate crime can cause. 

'Hate incidents' and 'hate crimes' are terms used to describe acts of violence or hostility directed at people because of who they are or who someone thinks they are.  They are motivated by hostility or prejudice based on disability, race, religion, transgender identity, or sexual orientation. This can be an incident against a person or against property and includes materials posted online. 

The government is committed to tackling hate crime. They are committed to raising awareness of what a hate crime is and help people understand that it is not right to target individuals based on their identity.
The police and the Crown Prosecution Service take all hate crime very seriously. All police forces would want you to report hate crimes and they take all reports of hate crime very seriously.  

Hate Incidents 

Some examples of hate incidents include: 
  • Verbal abuse like name-calling and offensive jokes 
  • Harassment 
  • Bullying or intimidation by children, adults, neighbours or strangers 
  • Physical attacks such as hitting, punching, pushing, spitting 
  • Threats of violence 
  • Hoax calls, abusive phone or text messages, hate mail 
  • Online abuse, for example on Facebook or Twitter 
  • Displaying or circulating discriminatory literature or posters 
  • Harm or damage to things such as your home, pet, or vehicle
  • Graffiti 
  • Arson 
  • Throwing rubbish into a garden 
  • Malicious complaints, for example over parking, smells or noise 

Hate Crime 

When hate incidents become criminal offences they are known as hate crimes.  A criminal offence is something that breaks the law.  Some examples of hate crimes include: 
  • Assaults
  • Criminal damage 
  • Harassment 
  • Murder 
  • Sexual assault 
  • Theft 
  • Fraud 
  • Burglary 
  • Hate mail 
  • Harassment 

Race and Religious Hate Crime 

Racist and religious crime is particularly hurtful to victims as they are being targeted solely because of their personal identity: their actual or perceived racial or ethnic origin, belief or faith. These crimes can happen randomly or be part of a campaign of continued harassment and victimisation. 


The term microaggressions was first proposed in the 1970s by Chester M. Pierce, MD, who was a Professor of Psychiatry and Education at Harvard University. 

What is a microagression? 
Brief, commonplace daily verbal, behavioural or environmental indignities, whether intentional or unintentional, that communicate hostile, derogatory or negative prejudicial slights and insults towards any group, particularly culturally marginalised groups. It is a form of discrimination. 

Microaggressions can be harmful and stressful to the people who experience them. Although it can be difficult to admit fault, a person who uses microaggressions can educate themselves on the impact of using harmful language and change their behaviors. 

Homophobic and Transphobic Hate Crime 

In the past, incidents against lesbian, gay, bisexual people or transgender people have been rarely reported and even more rarely prosecuted. Research studies suggest that victims of, or witnesses to, such incidents have very little confidence in the criminal justice system. 

Disability Hate Crime 

Feeling and being unsafe through violence, harassment or negative stereotyping has a significant impact on disabled people's sense of security and wellbeing. It also impacts significantly on their ability to participate both socially and economically in their communities.  

Find out more 

  • True Vision offers guidance on reporting hate crime and hate incidents. If you do not wish to talk to anyone in person about the incident or wish to remain anonymous there is an online form for reporting hate crime; you can report non-crime hate incidents to the police to try and prevent any escalation in seriousness. 
  • Internet Hate Crime. True Vision also provide further information on internet hate crime. 


There are two ways you can tell us what happened